A fracture is a broken bone. A bone can be totally or partially broken and it may be lengthwise, transverse, or even crushed into many pieces. A fracture is caused by external force that is much stronger than the affected bone. There are several forms of fracture. It is called an open fracture when the fractured bone punctures the skin. Open fracture is also sometimes called compound fracture. Very common causes of fractures are vehicular mishaps, sports related injury, or fall. Other bone conditions such as osteoporosis or low bone density may cause fractures because the bones become weak. Stress fractures refer to minute cracks in the bone and are generally caused by repetitive use.
Age has a significant impact on the likelihood of getting fracture. While very common during childhood, fractures acquired by children are generally less tricky compared to fractures of older people because our bones get more fragile as we age.
Distinguishing between fractured bone and a dislocated bone is hard to assess without tests. Nonetheless, basic urgent treatment is needed as they are both emergency cases. Here are the common causes of fracture:
Fractures generally manifest the following symptoms:
Displaced joint or part of a bone
Limitation of movement on the affected part
Tingling or pins and needles sensation
To avoid further problems, seek medical treatment as soon as possible. The usual minor treatment is wearing a splint or cast to temporarily immobilize the part. However, you may undergo as far as surgical procedure should the fractured bone need to be supported by external instruments such as pins, screws, and plates.
The degree of a fracture often varies according to the pressure which induced the crack. The bone may only crack and not totally break if the force is just slightly higher than the bone’s breaking threshold. If the force is excessive, like in a severe vehicular wreck or a gunshot, the bone may crush into pieces.
One of the initial tests to assess a fracture is by using x-ray. It shows clear visuals of the bone in different views and angles. Doctors request for x-rays because they can almost always confirm the diagnosis. Whether a bone is broken or intact, x-rays can give a vivid view. You can also see the type of fracture and the exact location of the break.
The general rule in the treatment of any kind of fracture is that every piece of the broken bone should be put into place and keep it there until it is completely healed. The process in which an orthopedic doctor operates to bring back the fractured bone into its original place is called “reduction.”